Can animal data translate to innovations necessary for a new era of patient-centred and individualised healthcare? Bias in preclinical animal research. BMC Medical Ethics 16:53. DOI 10.1186/s12910-015-0043-7. The vast majority of records in the James Lind Library illustrate progress in the evaluation of clinical and public health interventions. Over the past decade we have added records illustrating progress in the evaluation of animal and other pre-clinical research. This record is one of the JLL’s collection of animal and other pre-clinical research.