Portrait of James Lind

The James Lind Library has been created to illustrate the gradual evolution of methods to assess the effects of treatments – from setting out the principles of testing treatments a thousand years ago, to systematic analyses of the experiences of tens of thousands of patients today.

The list below enables you to retrieve records illustrating specific methods that have been adopted to obtain reliable estimates of the effects of treatments.

Specific illustrations of a method are not added to the JLL once the method has become widely accepted, for example, by inclusion in textbooks.