Stjernswärd J (1974)

Decreased survival related to irradiation postoperatively in early breast cancer. Lancet 304:1285-1286.
In 1974, Jan Stjernswärd, a Swedish oncologist, used statistical synthesis (‘meta-analysis’) of the results of five controlled trials of radiotherapy for breast cancer,  and showed that  it inceased the risk of death.

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Acknowledgements

The editors are grateful to:

Elsevier Ltd. for making a pdf of this article available  (letter to Iain Chalmers from Laura Pritchard, 14 May 2014). For conditions of further reproduction, see here.

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