Choksy NH (1900)

Professor Lustig’s plague serum. Lancet 2:291-292.
At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, Nasarwanji Hormusji Choksy  used ‘the alternate method’ to generate comparison groups in assessments of the effects of serum treatments for plague and cholera in Bombay.

Key passage(s)


Whole article


Nasarwanji Hormusji Choksy (1861-1939)Choksy_port1


Other material(s)

Chakrabarti P (2013). Commentary: An experimental theatre for vaccines – Bombay in the time of plague. International Journal of Epidemiology 42;3:656-658.

Ramanna M (2013). Commentary: N.H. Choksy and serum therapy. International Journal of Epidemiology 42;3:658-659.

Syed IS, Swaminathan KL (2013). Commentary: Dr Choksy’s dilemma. International Journal of Epidemiology 42;3:659-662.


The editors are grateful to:

The editors of the International Journal of Epidemiology and Oxford University Press for permission to link to other relevant material.

Drs Sunil and Shubha Pandya for providing portraits of NH Choksy and permission to publish these in the James Lind Library.

Elsevier Ltd. for making a pdf of this article available  (letter to Iain Chalmers from Laura Pritchard, 14 May 2014). For conditions of further reproduction, see here.