Balfour TG (1854)

Quoted in West C. Lectures on the Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. London, Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, p 600.
In the mid-19th century, Thomas Graham Balfour, a British army surgeon in charge of an orphanage, used alternate allocation - ‘to avoid the imputation of selection’ – in research to assess claims that belladonna was protective against scarlet fever.

Title page(s)


Key passage(s)



Thomas Graham Balfour (1813-1891)




The editors are grateful to:

Professor James Wood, Director of the Cambridge Infectious Diseases Consortium at the University of Cambridge, for providing a portrait of his great, great grandfather, Thomas Graham Balfour.

The Wellcome Trust for making available the portrait of Thomas Graham Balfour (1813-1891).

Key articles

Other articles

JLL Book of EssaysHave you read the James Lind Library's Introduction to Fair Tests of Treatments?

We have edited, updated and abridged all of the Essays from the Library for 2019, and lavishly illustrated them with examples from the history of fair tests of treatments.  Share and enjoy!

Download the PDF