James Lind Library
Illustrating the development of fair tests of treatments in health care
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About the Library
INTERVENTIONS — PSYCHOLOGICAL
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ORIGIN OF AUTHOR
al-Razi (10th century CE; 4th century AH)
Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb [The comprehensive book of medicine]. As cited in Ibn Abī Uṣaybiʿah. ʿUyūn al-anbāʾ fī ṭabaqāt al-aṭibbāʾ [The best accounts of the classes of physicians]. Available in MüIler A, ed. A thirteenth-century history of physicians. 2 vols. Cairo: al-Maṭbaʿah al-Wahbiyyah / Königsberg: Selbstverlag, 1882–4. Vol I, p 314 (five lines from bottom).
Cullen W (1772)
Clinical lectures. Edinburgh, Feb-April, 218-219.
Mesmer FA (1781)
Précis historique des faits relatifs au magnétisme animal jusques en avril 1781. Par M. Mesmer, Docteur en Médecine de la Faculté de Vienne. Ouvrage traduit de l'Allemand [Historical account of facts relating to animal magnetism up to April 1781. By M. Mesmer, Doctor in Medicine of the Vienna Faculty. Work translated from German]. A Londres [false imprint, probably Paris.] pp. 111-114; 182.
Commission Royale. Bailly A (1784)
Rapport des commissaires chargés par le Roi, de l'examen du magnétisme animale [Report of the Comissioners required by the King to examine animal magnetism]. Imprimé par ordre du Roi. Paris: A Paris, de L'Imprimerie Royale.
Haygarth J (1800)
Of the imagination, as a cause and as a cure of disorders of the body: exemplified by fictitious tractors, and epidemical convulsions. Bath: R. Crutwell.
Ministry of Internal Affairs (1832)
[Conclusion of the Medical Council regarding homeopathic treatment] . Zhurnal Ministerstva Vnutrennih del;3:49-63.
Hunter J (1835)
The works of John Hunter FRS, edited by James F Palmer, Vol 1. London: Longman et al., p 360.
Flint A (1863)
A contribution toward the natural history of articular rheumatism; consisting of a report of thirteen cases treated solely with palliative measures. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 46:17-36.
Moll A (1891)
Hypnotism. London: Walter Scott, p 224.
Pratt JG, Rhine JB, Smith BM, Stuart CE, Greenwood JA (1940)
Extra-sensory perception after sixty years: a critical appraisal of the research in extra-sensory perception. New York: Henry Holt.
Thorley AS, Craske N (1950)
Comparison and estimate of group and individual methods of treatment. BMJ 1:97-100.
Powers E, Witmer HL (1951)
An experiment in the prevention of delinquency: the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study. New York: Columbia University Press.
Cole JO, Ross S, Bouthilet L, Freeman H, Bennett IF, Hoffman JL, Lehmann H (1957)
Recommendations for reporting studies of psychiatric drugs. Public Health Report 72:638–645.
Glass GV (1976)
Primary, secondary and meta-analysis of research. Educational Researcher 10: 3-8.
Reiss ML, Piotrowski WD, Bailey JS (1976)
Behavioral community psychology: Encouraging low-income parents to seek dental care for their children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 9:387-397.
Smith ML, Glass GV (1977)
Meta-analysis of psychotherapy outcome studies. American Psychologist 32:752-760.
Fisher SG (1980)
The use of time limits in brief psychotherapy: a comparison of six-session, twelve-session, and unlimited treatment with families. Family Process. 19:377-92.
Andrews G, Harvey R (1981)
Does psychotherapy benefit neurotic patients? A reanalysis of the Smith, Glass, and Miller data. Archives of General Psychiatry 38: 1203-1208.
Landman JT, Dawes RM (1982)
Psychotherapy outcome. Smith and Glass’ conclusions stand up under scrutiny. American Psychologist 37(5):504-516.
Smith ML (1982)
What research says about the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 33:457-461.
Mumford E, Schlesinger HJ, Glass GV (1982)
The effects of psychological intervention on recovery from surgery and heart attacks: An analysis of the literature. American Journal of Public Health 72(2): 141-151.
Shapiro DA, Shapiro D (1982)
Meta-analysis of comparative therapy outcome studies: A replication and refinement. Psychological Bulletin 92(3):581-604.
Devine EC, Cook TD (1983)
A meta-analytic analysis of effects of psychoeducational interventions on length of postsurgical hospital stay. Nursing Research Practice 32(5):267-74.
Steinbrueck SM, Maxwell SE, Howard GS (1983)
A meta-analysis of psychotherapy and drug therapy in the treatment of unipolar depression with adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 51(6):856-863.
Gracely RH, Dubner R, Deeter WR, Wolskee PJ (1985)
Clinicians’ expectations influence placebo analgesia. Lancet 325:43. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(85)90984-5
Flay BR, Ryan KB, Best JA, Brown KS, Kersell MW, d'Avernas JR, Zanna MP (1985)
Are social-psychological smoking prevention programs effective? The Waterloo study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 8:37-59.
Chalmers I, ed (1988)
The Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse MJNC (1989)
Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pennington E, Pennington S (1991)
Modifying chickenpox. BMJ 303:1614.
Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (1994)
The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database. Oxford: Update Software
Adams CE (2004).
William Halse Rivers (1864-1922). JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Donaldson IML (2005).
Mesmer’s 1780 proposal for a controlled trial to test his method of treatment using ‘Animal Magnetism’. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Fox DM (2011).
Systematic reviews and health policy: the influence of a project on perinatal care since 1988. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Donaldson IML (2016).
Antoine de Lavoisier’s role in designing a single-blind trial to assess whether ‘Animal Magnetism’ exists. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Mirza RD, Punja S, Vohra S, Guyatt G (2017).
The history and development of N of 1 trials. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Tröhler U (2020)
Probabilistic thinking and the evaluation of therapies, 1700-1900. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Welsh BC, Podolsky SH, Zane SN (2020).
Between medicine and criminology: Richard Cabot’s contribution to the design of experimental evaluations of social interventions in the late 1930s. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
What is a fair test?
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, supported by the James Lind Initiative and the Presidential Fund of the Swiss National Science Foundation.