James Lind Library
Illustrating the development of fair tests of treatments in health care
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INTERVENTIONS — DEVICES
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ORIGIN OF AUTHOR
Haygarth J (1800)
Of the imagination, as a cause and as a cure of disorders of the body: exemplified by fictitious tractors, and epidemical convulsions. Bath: R. Crutwell.
Champneys FH (1881)
On artificial respiration in still born children. The amount of ventilation secured by different methods. An experimental enquiry. Medical and Chirurgical Transactions 64 :41-86.
O’Dwyer J (1887)
Fifty cases of croup in private practice treated by intubation of the larynx, with a description of the method and of the dangers incident thereto. Medical Record 32:557-561.
Grace ND, Muench H, Chalmers TC (1966)
The present status of shunts for portal hypertension in cirrhosis. Gastroenterology 50:684-691.
Chalmers I (1979)
Randomized controlled trials of fetal monitoring 1973-1977. In: Thalhammer O, Baumgarten K, Pollak A, eds. Perinatal Medicine. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme:260-265.
Roberts MM, Alexander FE, Anderson TJ, Forrest APM, Hepburn W, Huggins A, Kirkpatrick AE, Lamb J, Lutz W, Muir BB (1984)
The Edinburgh randomised trial of screening for breast cancer: Description of method. British Journal of Cancer 50:1-6.
Tabár L, Fagerberg CJ, Gad A, Baldetorp L, Holmberg LH, Gröntoft O, Ljungquist U, Lundström B, Månson JC, Eklund G, Day NE, Pettersson F (1985)
Reduction in mortality from breast cancer after mass screening with mammography Randomised trial from the Breast Cancer Screening Working Group of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Lancet 13;1:829-32.
Freitas D, Donato A, Monteiro JG (1985)
Controlled trial of liquid monopolar electrocoagulation in bleeding peptic ulcers. American Journal of Gastroenterology 80:853-7.
Fleischer D (1985)
Endoscopic Nd: YAG laser therapy for active esophageal variceal bleeding. A randomized controlled study. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 31:4-9.
Chassin MR, McCue SM (1986)
A randomized trial of medical quality assurance. Improving physicians’ use of pelvimetry. JAMA 256:1012-1016.
Lindor KD, Hughes RW, Ilstrup DM, Jensen (1987)
Intragastric balloons in comparison with standard therapy for obesity - a randomized, double-blind trial. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 62:992–6.
Meshkinpour H, Hsu D, Farivar S (1988)
Effect of gastric bubble as a weight reduction device: a controlled, crossover study. Gastroenterology 95:589–92.
Chalmers I, ed (1988)
The Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse MJNC (1989)
Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mathus-Vliegen EM, Tytgat GN, Veldhuyzen-Offermans EA (1990)
Intragastric balloon in the treatment of super-morbid obesity. Double-blind, sham-controlled, crossover evaluation of 500-milliliter balloon. Gastroenterology 99:362-9.
Payment P, Richardson L, Siemiatycki J, Dewar R, Edwardes M, Franco E (1991)
A randomized trial to evaluate the risk of gastrointestinal disease due to consumption of drinking water meeting current microbiological standards. American Journal of Public Health 81:703-708.
Sinclair JC, Bracken MB (1992)
Effective care of the newborn infant. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (1994)
The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database. Oxford: Update Software
Glasziou P, Chalmers I, Rawlins M, McCulloch P (2007)
When are randomised trials unnecessary? Picking signal from noise. BMJ 334: 349-351.
Connolly SJ, Philippon F, Longtin Y, Casanova A, Birnie DH, Exner DV, Dorian P, Prakash R, Alings M, Krahn AD (2013)
Randomized cluster crossover trials for reliable, efficient, comparative effectiveness testing: design of the Prevention of Arrhythmia Device Infection Trial (PADIT). Can J Cardiol 29:652-8.
Booth CC† (2002).
John Haygarth FRS (1740-1827). JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Fox DM (2011).
Systematic reviews and health policy: the influence of a project on perinatal care since 1988. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
What is a fair test?
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We welcome your suggestions for the design or content of the Library
, supported by the James Lind Initiative and the Presidential Fund of the Swiss National Science Foundation.