James Lind Library
Illustrating the development of fair tests of treatments in health care
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Swyer R (1931)
Antigenic properties of diphtheria toxoid-antitoxin floccules. Lancet 1:632-634.
Blatt ML, Shaw NG (1932)
Bacillary dysentery in children: a report of the cases in the Cook County Children's Hospital, Chicago, for 1932. Presented a Regular Meeting of the Chicago Pediatric Society, 20 Dec 1932, reported in Archives of Pediatrics.
Ellison JB (1932)
Intensive vitamin therapy in measles. BMJ 2:708-711.
Borovsky MP, Steigmann F (1933)
Amidopyrine in the treatment of measles. JAMA 100:1859-61.
Hottinger A, Toepfer D (1933)
Über den Wert der Serumtherapie bei Diphtherie, insbesondere bei der malignen, toxischen form [On the value of serum therapy of diphtheria, particularly in its malignant, toxic form]. Zeitschrifte für Kinderheilkunde 54:505-529.
Begg N, Coveney MF (1936)
Whooping-cough: value of a specific vaccine in treatment. Lancet 1:82-83.
Doull JA, Shibley GS, McClelland JE (1936)
Active immunization against whooping cough: interim report of the Cleveland experience. American Journal of Public Health 26:1097-1105.
Gilliam AG, Onstott RH (1936)
Results of field studies with poliomyelitis vaccine. American Journal of Public Health 26:113-118.
Hoyne AL (1936)
Intravenous treatment of meningococcic meningitis with Meningococcus antitoxin. JAMA 107:478-81.
Peters BA, Cullum IM (1937)
Post-scarlatinal nephritis: a study in prevention. BMJ 1:1020-21.
Peters BA, Havard RV (1937)
Chemotherapy of streptococcal infections with p-bezylamino-benzene-sulphonamide. Lancet 1:1273-4.
Hogarth JC (1937)
Para-benzylaminobenzene-sulphonamide in the treatment of scarlet fever. BMJ 2:1160-1162.
Cunningham AA (1937)
Vaccine treatment of measles. BMJ 1:1202-1203.
Aykroyd WR, Krishnan RSBG (1938)
Effect of calcium lactate on children in a nursery school. Lancet 2:153-155.
Harrison WT, Franklin JP, Bell JA (1938)
Prophylactic value of a single dose of precipitated pertussis vaccine. Public Health Reports 53:793-796.
Peters BA (1938)
A comparative test of natural and concentrated anti-toxin in treatment of malignant diphtheria. BMJ 2:344-346.
Schwentker FF, Waghelstein J (1938)
A note on the use of sulfanilamide in scarlet fever. Baltimore Health News 15:41-44.
Lanman TH, Heyl HL (1939)
Empyema in Children. New England Journal of Medicine 221:1003-1009.
Top FH, Young DC (1939)
Specific and non-specific serum treatment of scarlet fever. American Journal of Public Health 29:443-451.
Kendrick P, Eldering G (1939)
A study in active immunization against pertussis. American Journal of Hygiene 29 Sec. B:133-153.
Banks HS (1939)
Chemotherapy of meningococcal meningitis. Lancet 2:921-927.
Anderson T (1939)
Sulphanilamide in the treatment of measles. BMJ 1:716-718.
Benn EC (1939)
Sulphanilamide in the treatment of scarlet fever. BMJ 2:644-646.
Jordan JH, Blakelock, Johnston WR (1940)
Treatment of cerebrospinal fever with suphapyridine. BMJ 1:1005-1008.
Bell JA (1941)
Pertussis prophylaxis with two doses of alum-precipitated vaccine. Public Health Reports 56:1535-1546.
Cooper ML, Zucker RL, Wagoner S, Brown EW, Bennett R (1941)
Sulfathiazole for acute diarrhea and dysentery of infants and children. JAMA 117:1520-3.
Fleming JB (1941)
Treatment of diphtheria. BMJ 1:907.
Top FH, Young DC (1941)
The treatment of moderately severe scarlet fever: A study of alternate patients treated with sulfanilamide, convalescent serum and scarlet fever antitoxin. JAMA 117:2056-60.
Kendrick PL (1942)
Use of alum-treated pertussis vaccine, and alum-precipitated combined pertussis vaccine and diphtheria toxoid, for active immunization. American Journal of Public Health 32:615-626.
Lepper MH, Sweet LK, Dowling HF (1943)
The treatment of meningococcic infections with sulphadiazine and sulphamerazine. JAMA 123:134-138.
Kendrick PL (1943)
Field study of alum-precipitated combined pertussis vaccine and diphtheria toxoid for active immunization. American Journal of Hygiene 38:193-202.
Fries ED (1944)
The treatment of tonsillitis with small doses of sulfonamides. JAMA 126:93-4.
Wright J, Cruickshank R, Gunn W (1944)
The control of dust-borne streptococcal infection in measles wards. BMJ 1:611-614.
McFarlan AM, Topley E, Fisher M (1945)
Trial of whooping-cough vaccine in city and residential nursery groups. BMJ 2:205-208.
Rosenthal SR, Blahd M, Leslie EI (1945)
Ten years’ experience with BCG (experimental and clinical). Journal of Pediatrics 26:470-80.
Wright J (1945)
Cross-infection risks in the hospitalization of measles patients. BMJ 1:285-289.
Bransby ER, Burn JL, Magee HE, MacKecknie DM (1946)
Effect of a daily vitamin supplement on the health and development of children. BMJ 1:193-197.
Christie RV (1946)
Penicillin in subacute bacterial endocarditis. Lancet 1:369.
Hirsh HL, Rotman-Kavka, G, Dowling HF, Sweet LK (1947)
Penicillin therapy of scarlet fever: comparison with antitoxin and symptomatic therapy. JAMA 133:657-61.
Medical Research Council (1948)
Streptomycin treatment of tuberculous meningitis. Lancet 1:582-596.
Jersild T (1948)
Penicillin therapy in scarlet fever and complicating otitis. Lancet 1:671-673.
Bell JA (1948)
Diphtheria immunization use of an alum-precipitated mixture of pertussis vaccine and diphtheria toxoid. JAMA 137:1009-1016.
Bell JA (1948)
Pertussis immunization use of two doses of an alum-precipitated mixture of diphtheria toxoid and pertussis vaccine. JAMA 137:1276-1281.
Bell JA (1948)
The epidemiological principles and procedures involved in a study of the prophylactic value of an alum-precipated mixture of diphtheria toxoid and pertussis vaccine. Thesis submitted to the School of Hygiene and Public Health of the Johns Hopkins University in conformity with the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Public Health.
Appelbaum E, Nelson J, Albin MB (1949)
The treatment of penumococcic meningitis with penicillin; a study of 125 consecutive cases, with 73% recovery. American Journal of Medicial Science 218:260-4.
Bingel A (1949)
Wirkt das Diphtherieheilserum bei der menschlichen Diphtheriekrankheit spezifisch durch seinen Antitoxingehalt oder unspezifisch [Does curative diphtheria serum act specifically through its anti-toxin content or non-specifically in human diphtheria]? Deutsche Medizische Wochenschrift 74:101-103.
Ferguson RG, Simes AB (1949)
BCG vaccination of Indian infants in Saskatchewan. Tubercle 30:5-11 30:5-11.
Medical Research Council (1951)
The prevention of whooping-cough by vaccination. BMJ 1:1463-1471.
Powers E, Witmer HL (1951)
An experiment in the prevention of delinquency: the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study. New York: Columbia University Press.
Fisher OD, Whitfield CR (1952)
Terramycin in the treatment of pneumonia in children. BMJ 2:864-865.
Ottenbacher KJ, Petersen P (1983)
The efficacy of vestibular stimulation as a form of specific sensory enrichment. Quantitative review of literature. Clinical Pediatrics 23(8):428-433.
Ottenbacher KJ, Petersen P (1983)
Quantitative reviewing of medical literature. An approach to synthesizing research results in clinical pediatrics. Clinical Pediatrics 23(8):423-427.
Yokley JM, Glenwick DS (1984)
Increasing the immunization of preschool children; An evaluation of applied community interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 17:313-325.
Simons-Morton BG, Coates TJ, Saylor KE, Sereghy E, Barofsky I (1984)
Great Sensations: a program to encourage heart healthy snacking by high school students. Journal of School Health 54:288-91.
Walsh MM (1985)
Effects of school-based dental health education on knowledge, attitudes and behavior of adolescents in San Francisco. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 13:143-7.
Walter HJ, Hofman A, Connelly PA, Barrett LT, Kost KL (1985)
Primary prevention of chronic disease in childhood: changes in risk factors after one year of intervention. American Journal of Epidemiology 122:772-81.
Connor MK, Smith LG, Fryer A, Erickson S, Fryer S, Drake J (1986)
Future Fit: A cardiovascular health education and fitness project in an after-school setting. The Journal of School Health 56(8): 329-333.
Sommer A, Tarwotjo I, Djunaedi E, West KP Jr, Loeden AA, Tilden R, Mele L (1986)
Impact of vitamin A supplementation on childhood mortality. A randomised controlled community trial. Lancet 24;1:1169-73.
Schinke SP, Gilchrist LD, Schilling RF, Senechal VA (1986)
Smoking and smokeless tobacco use among adolescents: trends and intervention results. Public Health Reports 101:373-8.
Stanton BF, Clemens JD (1987)
An educational intervention for altering water-sanitation behaviors to reduce childhood diarrhea in urban Bangladesh. II. A randomized trial to assess the impact of the intervention on hygienic behaviors and rates of diarrhea. American Journal of Epidemiology 125:292-301.
West KP, Djunaedi E, Pandji A, Kusdiono, Tarwotjo I, Sommer A (1988)
Vitamin A supplementation and growth: a randomized community trial. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 48:1257-64.
Fors SW, Owen S, Hall WD, McLaughlin J, Levinson R (1989)
Evaluation of a diffusion strategy for school-based hypertension education. Health Education Quarterly 16:255-61.
Flay BR, Koepke D, Thomson SJ, Santi S, Best JA, Brown KS (1989)
Six-year follow-up of the first Waterloo school smoking prevention trial. American Journal of Public Health 79:1371-6.
Bush PJ, Zuckerman AE, Theiss PK, Taggart VS, Horowitz C, Sheridan MJ, Walter HJ (1989)
Cardiovascular risk factor prevention in black schoolchildren: two-year results of the "Know Your Body" program. American Journal of Epidemiology 129:466-82.
Dielman TE, Shope JT, Leech SL, Butchart AT (1989)
Differential effectiveness of an elementary school-based alcohol misuse prevention program. The Journal of School Health 59(6):225-263.
Botvin GJ, Tortu S, Baker E Dusenbury L (1990)
Preventing adolescent cigarette smoking: Resistance skills training and development of life skills. Special Services in the Schools 6:37-61.
Johnson CA, Pentz MA, Weber MD, Dwyer JH, Baer N, MacKinnon DP, Hansen WB, Flay BR (1990)
Relative effectiveness of comprehensive community programming for drug abuse prevention with high-risk and low-risk adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 58:447-56.
Abdeljaber MH, Monto AS, Tilden RL, Schork MA, Tarwotjo I (1991)
The impact of Vitamin A supplementation on morbidity: a randomized community intervention trial. American Journal of Public Health 81:1654-1656.
Bauman KE, LaPrelle J, Brown JD, Koch GG, Padgett CA (1991)
The influence of three mass media campaigns on variables related to adolescent cigarette smoking: Results of a field experiment. American Journal of Public Health 81:597-604.
Hansen WB, Graham JW (1991)
Preventing alcohol, marijuana and cigarette use among adolescents: Peer pressure resistance training versus establishing conservative norms. Preventive medicine 20:414-430.
Abernathy TJ, Bertrand LD (1992)
Preventing cigarette smoking among children: Results of a four-year evaluation of the PAL program. Canadian Journal of Public Health 83:226-229.
Arbeit ML, Johnson CC, Mott DS, Harsha DW, Nicklas TA, Webber LS, Berenson GS (1992)
The heart smart cardiovascular school health promotions: Behaviour correlates of risk factor change. Preventive medicine 21:18-32.
Walker R, Heller R, Redman S, O’Connell D, Boulton J (1992)
Reduction of ischemic heart disease risk markers in the teenage children of heart attack patients. Preventive Medicine 21:616-629.
Elder JP, Wildey M, de Moor C, Sallis JF, Eckhardt L, Edwards C, Erickson A, Golbeck A, Hovell M, Johnston D, Levitz MD, Molgaard C, Young R, Vito D, Woodruff SI (1993)
The long-term prevention of tobacco use among junior high school students: Classroom and telephone investigations. American Journal of Public Health 83:1239-1244.
Sussman S, Dent CW, Stacy AW, Sun P, Craig S, Simon TR, Burton D, Flay BR (1993)
Project towards no tobacco use: 1-year behavior outcomes. American Journal of Public Health 83:1245-1250.
Harden A, Weston R, Oakley A (1999)
A review of the effectiveness and appropriateness of peer-delivered health promotion interventions for young people. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, November.
Biglan A, Ary DV, Smolkowski K, Duncan T, Black C (2000)
A randomised controlled trial of a community intervention to prevent adolescent tobacco use. Tobacco Control 9:24-32.
Whittington CJ, Kendall T, Fonagy P, Cottrell D, Cotgrove A, Boddington E (2004)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in childhood depression: systematic review of published versus unpublished data. Lancet; 363:1341-1345.
Thomas J, Harden A, Oakley A, Oliver S, Sutcliffe K, Rees R, Brunton G, Kavanagh J (2004)
Integrating qualitative research with trials in systematic reviews. BMJ 328:1010-1012.
De Vries RB, Hooijmans CR, Tillema A, Leenaars M, Ritskes-Hoitinga M (2011)
A search filter for increasing the retrieval of animal studies in Embase. Laboratory Animals 45:268-70.
Cohen D (2018)
Oxford TB vaccine study calls into question selective use of animal data. BMJ 360:j5845 doi: 10.1136/bmj.j5845
Pérez-Gaxiola G, Verdugo-Paiva F, Rada G, Flórez ID (2021)
Assessment of Duplicate Evidence in Systematic Reviews of Imaging Findings of Children With COVID-19. JAMA Network Open 4(1):e2032690.
Peto J (2016).
Reflections on the importance of strict adherence to treatment protocols: acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in children in the 1970s in the US and the UK. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Welsh BC, Podolsky SH, Zane SN (2020).
Between medicine and criminology: Richard Cabot’s contribution to the design of experimental evaluations of social interventions in the late 1930s. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
What is a fair test?
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