James Lind Library
Illustrating the development of fair tests of treatments in health care
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About the Library
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ORIGIN OF AUTHOR
Percival T (1803)
Medical ethics or, a code of institutes and precepts adapted to the professional conduct of physicians and surgeons. Manchester: S Russell for J Johnson.
Gorgas WC (1902)
Mosquito work in Havana. New York: William Wood and Company.
Wesselhoeft W (1915)
Hospital Efficiency from the Standpoint of Hospital Trustees. The New England Journal of Medicine 172:778. 10.1056/NEJM191505271722104
Coffman TL (1981)
Relocation and survival of institutionalized aged: A re-examination of the evidence. The Gerontologist 21(5):483-500.
Blackburn BA, Smith H, Chalmers TC (1982)
The inadequate evidence for short hospital stay after hernia or varicose vein stripping surgery. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine (NY) 49:383-390.
Cohen DI, Littenberg B, Wetzel C, Neuhauser D (1982)
Improving physician compliance with preventive medicine guidelines. Medical Care 20:1040-1045.
McGhan WF, Smith WE, Adams DW (1983)
A randomized trial comparing pharmacists and technicians as dispensers of prescriptions for ambulatory patients. Medical Care 21:445-53.
Vogt RL, Larue D, Klaucke DN, Jillson DA (1983)
Comparison of an active and passive surveillance system of primary care providers for Hepatitis, Measles, Rubella, and Salmonellosis in Vermont. American Journal of Public Health 73:795-7.
Gehlbach SH, Wilkinson WE, Hammond WE, Clapp NE, Finn AL, Taylor WJ, Rodell M (1984)
Improving drug prescribing in a primary care practice. Medical Care 22:193-201.
Yokley JM, Glenwick DS (1984)
Increasing the immunization of preschool children; An evaluation of applied community interventions. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 17:313-325.
Evans CE, Haynes RB, Birkett NJ, Gilbert JR, Taylor DW, Sackett DL, Johnston ME, Hewson SA (1986)
Does a mailed continuing education program improve physician performance? Results of a randomized trial in antihypertensive care. JAMA 24-31;255:501-4.
Choi T, Jameson H, Brekke ML, Podratz RO, Mundahl H (1986)
Effects on nurse retention. An experiment with scheduling. Medical Care 24:1029-43.
Chassin MR, McCue SM (1986)
A randomized trial of medical quality assurance. Improving physicians’ use of pelvimetry. JAMA 256:1012-1016.
Bass MJ, McWhinney IR, Donner A (1986)
Do family physicians need medical assistants to detect and manage hypertension? Canadian Medical Association Journal 134:1247-55.
Goldberg HI, Cohen DI, Hershey CO, Hsiue I, Porter DK, McClaren CE (1987)
A randomized controlled trial of academic group practice. JAMA 257:2051-2055.
Chalmers I, ed (1988)
The Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brady WJ, Hissa DC, McConnell M, Wones RG (1988)
Should physicians perform their own quality assurance audits? Journal of General Internal Medicine 3:560-565.
Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse MJNC (1989)
Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Seto WH, Ching PTY, Fung JPM, Fielding R (1989)
The role of communication in the alteration of patient-care practices in hospital-a prospective study. Journal of Hospital Infection 14:29-37.
Avorn J, Soumerai SB, Everitt DE, Ross-Degnan D, Beers MH, Sherman D, Salem-Schatz SR, Fields D (1992)
A randomized trial of a program to reduce the use of psychoactive drugs in nursing homes. New England Journal of Medicine 327:168-173.
O’Hare PA (1992)
Comparing two models of discharge planning rounds in acute care. Applied Nursing Research 5:66-73.
Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group (1994)
The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database. Oxford: Update Software
Emparanza JI, Cabello JB, Burls AJ. (2015)
Does evidence-based practice improve patient outcomes? An analysis of a natural experiment in a Spanish hospital. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21:1059-1065.
Fox DM (2011).
Systematic reviews and health policy: the influence of a project on perinatal care since 1988. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Gachelin G (2013).
The interaction of scientific evidence and politics in debates about preventing malaria in 1925. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
Moberg J, Kramer M (2015).
A brief history of the cluster randomized trial design. JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation.
What is a fair test?
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Where not otherwise indicated, material in the James Lind Library
is licensed under a
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We welcome your suggestions for the design or content of the Library
, supported by the James Lind Initiative and the Presidential Fund of the Swiss National Science Foundation.