Einstein A (1954)

Statement for a conference of the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, 3 March. Albert Einstein Archives, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 28-1025.

Key passage(s)



“Academic freedom as I understand it means having the right to seek the truth and to publish and teach what is believed to be true. Naturally this right comes together with the duty not to withhold a part of what is believed to be true. It is clear that any restriction on academic freedom hinders the dissemination of knowledge in the population and therefore restrains rational judgement and action.”

Translation by Harry Hemingway and Claudia Langenberg


The editors are grateful to:

Ze’ev Rosenkranz, for providing an image of Einstein’s letter, and to Harry Hemingway and Claudia Langenberg for translating it from the original German

JLL Book of EssaysHave you read the James Lind Library's Introduction to Fair Tests of Treatments?

We have edited, updated and abridged all of the Essays from the Library for 2019, and lavishly illustrated them with examples from the history of fair tests of treatments.  Share and enjoy!

Download the PDF