Stoll S (2010). Paul Franz Xavier Martini (1889-1964).
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© Susanne Stoll, Institut für Sozialmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Beckergrube 43-47, 23552 Lübeck, Germany. E-mail:su.nissinen@googlemail.com


Cite as: Stoll S (2010). Paul Franz Xavier Martini (1889-1964). JLL Bulletin: Commentaries on the history of treatment evaluation (http://www.jameslindlibrary.org/articles/paul-franz-xavier-martini-1889-1964/)


Paul Franz Xavier Martini (1889-1964)

1889 Born in Frankenthal (Rhine-Palatinate), Germany, on 25th January martini_portrait
1895–
1898
Elementary school in Frankenthal and Landau
1898-
1907
Grammar school, including final examination, in Frankenthal and Ludwigshafen
1907–
1913
Medical student at the Universities of Munich and Kiel
1914-
1918
Military Service during First World War
1917 Doctoral thesis in cardiac physiology: “Changes of the central and peripheral pulse under different conditions”, supervised by Otto Frank, Munich
1922 Habilitation thesis – “Studies on percussion and auscultation” – supervised by Friedrich von Müller, Munich; lecturer at University of Munich
1919–
1927
Medical registrar in Munich
1926 Graduation as Professor of Medicine; publication of his first book “Martini‘s principles and practice of physical diagnosis” (“Die unmittelbare Krankenuntersuchung”, Springer, Berlin)
1927–
1928
Medical consultant in Munich
1928–
1932
Head of the Department of Medicine at St. Hedwigskrankenhaus in Berlin
1932 First edition of “Methodology of therapeutic investigation” (“Methodenlehre der therapeutischen Untersuchung”, Springer, Berlin; further editions with a slightly changed title 1947, 1953, 1968 with G. Oberhoffer and E. Welte)
1932-
1957
Professor and head of the Department of Internal Medicine at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Bonn
1939–
1940
Army medical service as a supervising doctor during Second World War; discharged suffering from polyarthritis; continuation of his clinical work despite problems with the Nazi regime for supporting Jewish colleagues
1945 Involved in rebuilding the Medical School and University of Bonn
1957 Retired 19th March; awarded Paracelsus Medal by the Deutscher Ärztetag (the highest distinction of the German Medical Association)
1959 Honorary member of the Rudolph Virchow Society, New York, and of the German Society of Internal Medicine
1964 Died at Galenberg (Eifel), Germany, on 8th September
1966 Establishment of the Paul Martini Foundation (for the support of pharmaceutical research), Berlin, Germany